Majors and Courses


Closely associated with the Roberts Environmental Center, the Environment, Economics, and Politics (EEP) major emphasizes problems and opportunities for the real world of the 21st century. An awareness of the environmental issues has become increasingly important for anyone with a career in business or the professions. The EEP major provides students interested in economics and policy studies with a background in ecological analysis and environmental management.

Students take basic courses in biology, chemistry, economics, government and mathematics, together with advanced courses in areas such as environmental law, environment and resource economics, government and the environment, and natural resource management. In their junior or senior year, students participate in a clinic course directed toward a specific environmental project.

   This major cannot be combined with economics or government as a dual major.


The major requires a minimum of fifteen courses, in addition to the college’s general education requirements. The following courses (or equivalents), are required:
1. Core Requirement (7-8 courses):
• Biology 43L-44L. Introductory Biology
• Chemistry 14L-15L. Basic Principles of Chemistry, or Chemistry 29L. Accelerated General Chemistry (see “substitutions” below)
• Biology 137. EEP Clinic
• Economics 86. Accounting for Decision Making (see “substitutions” below)
• Economics 101. Intermediate Microeconomics
• Economics 171. Environmental and Resource Economics
2. Topic Courses (6 courses): one from each of the following 6 groups:
• Economics 120. Statistics, or Mathematics 31. Calculus II, or Biology 175. Biostatistics
• Economics 102. Intermediate Macroeconomics, or Economics 104. Foundations of Political Economy, or Economics 167. Law and Economics
• Biology 146L. Ecology, or Biology 159. Natural Resource Management, or Biology 169L. Marine Ecology
• Government 50. Introduction to Public Administration, or Government 121. Organization and
• Government 111. Politics and Population, or Government 118. The Processes of
Environmental Policymaking, or Government 144. Political and Social Movements
• Government 119. Introduction to Environmental Law and Regulation, or Government 120. Environmental Law
3. Senior Thesis:
EEP majors must complete either a one- or two-semester thesis in Biology (Biology 191, or Biology 188L-190L or Biology 189L-190L) or X 190. Senior Thesis. For further information, see “General Education Requirements” and “Senior Thesis in Science.”
Note: - The introductory courses in biology and chemistry may also be completed by both semesters of the Accelerated Integrated Science Sequence.

Substitutions for EEP Major Requirements
1. Students not planning advanced work in science may substitute environmental science and/or policy courses for Chemistry 14L-15L. Students must consult with the program advisor as to the appropriateness of substituted courses.
2. Students interested in additional work in ecology may substitute appropriate advanced biology courses for Economics 86, Government 50, or Government 121.

Prerequisites for EEP Majors
The following courses are prerequisites for major requirements (and may be counted for general education requirements):
• Mathematics 30. Calculus I
• Economics 50. Principles of Economic Analysis, and
• Government 20. Introduction to American Politics

Keck Science Common Learning Outcomes

Students completing a major in the Keck Science Department should demonstrate the ability to:

1. Use foundational principles to analyze problems in nature.
2. Develop hypotheses and test them using quantitative techniques.
3. Articulate applications of science in the modern world.
4. Effectively communicate scientific concepts both verbally and in writing.

Student Learning Outcomes
In addition to the Keck Science overall learning outcomes, EEP students should achieve an understanding of biology, economics, and government policy similar to, if not quite as extensive as, majors in these disciplines.